Push Production

Push Production is a traditional production method where items are manufactured based on Forecasts or predetermined schedules regardless of actual customer demand. In this approach, production is “pushed” through the production process, often resulting in high levels of inventory. Push Production is the opposite of Pull Production, where production is driven by actual customer demand, and work is only initiated when there is a need for the product.

Key Characteristics of Push Production

  1. Forecast-Driven: Production schedules are based on forecasts of customer demand or historical sales data.
  2. Batch Production: Items are often produced in large batches, leading to higher work in progress and inventory levels.
  3. Fixed Production Plans: Production plans are often fixed and inflexible, leading to challenges in adapting to changes in demand or market conditions.

Challenges of Push Production

  1. Overproduction: Since items are produced based on Forecasts, there is a risk of overproducing products that may not be immediately needed, resulting in excess inventory.
  2. Inventory Costs: High inventory levels can lead to increased storage costs, carrying costs, and potential losses due to obsolete or unsold inventory.
  3. Lack of Flexibility: Fixed production plans may lead to challenges in adjusting production levels to match actual demand, potentially causing bottlenecks or underutilized resources.

Comparison to Pull Production

In contrast to Push Production, Pull Production is driven by actual customer demand, and work is initiated only when there is a need for the product. Pull Production emphasizes continuous flow, Just-in-Time (JIT) production, and waste reduction by producing what is needed, when it is needed. Pull Production uses techniques like Kanban and Just-in-Time (JIT) to control the flow of materials and trigger production based on real-time demand signals.


Push Production is a traditional production method that relies on Forecasts and predetermined schedules to drive production, irrespective of actual customer demand. While it may offer some benefits in terms of planning and scheduling, Push Production can lead to overproduction, excess inventory, and lack of flexibility. In contrast, Pull Production, driven by customer demand and continuous flow, offers advantages in waste reduction, improved Efficiency, and higher product quality. Organizations seeking to optimize their production processes often adopt Pull Production principles as part of their lean manufacturing and continuous improvement initiatives.


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